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8 Most Important Beginner Guitar Chords

8 Most Important Open Beginner Guitar Chords
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The Most Important Beginner Guitar Chords

Where do you begin while learning to play the guitar? So, first and foremost, master ‘open chords,’ a basic strumming rhythm, and then begin playing some beginner Guitar Chords.

The chords are the foundation of your music; they provide the harmony. The strumming gives the rhythm, and they work together to provide the melody, which is provided by your or someone else’s singing voice.

C – A – G – E – D – Am – Em – Dm are the eight most crucial chords for any new guitarist to learn first. (The first five open major chords can be remembered by the phrase CAGED).

Songs with Beginner Guitar Chords

You can perform a limitless number of simple melodies by using these simple beginner guitar chords. There are approximately a million songs that use the chord sequence G – D – Em – C (also known as the I – V – vi – IV).

These four chords can be used to perform songs like Jason Mraz’s “I’m Yours,” U2’s “With or Without You,” and Maroon 5’s “She Will Be Loved.” Although not all of these songs were written in the key of G, you can simply correct this with the use of a capo and perform them in the correct key.

The open beginner guitar chords serve as a foundation for the more sophisticated chords that follow, such as barre chords. Open chords are the foundation for all barre chords. Check out The Four Most Essential Barre Chords if you’re interested.

How to Play The Beginner Guitar Chords

I’ll show you how to play each chord correctly step by step how, where to place your fingers on the strings and how to play beginner guitar chords.

Below are the 8 most important beginner guitar chords diagrams. To establish your most important chord knowledge, learn and memorise the chords thoroughly.

In the chord diagrams above, the numbers on the dots represent finger placement:
1 is the index finger, 2 is the middle finger, 3 is the ring finger, and 4 is the pinky.

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
Open Beginner Guitar Chords
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Table of Beginner Guitar Chords Diagram Contents:

To rapidly navigate to a chord diagram and explanation, select one of the chords from the list below.

  • C Major chord
  • A Major Chord
  • G Major Chord
  • E Major Chord
  • D Major Chord
  • A Minor Chord
  • E Minor Chord
  • D Minor Chord

C Major Chord

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
  • The C major chord is the one of the important beginner guitar chords and played on the first fret with your first (index) finger on the second string (B-string).
  • Your second (middle) finger on the second fret of the 4th string (D-string).
  • Finally, place your third finger (ring finger) on the third fret of the 5th string (A-string).
  • Because the 6th string is muted (see X above 6th string), the strumming hand should only hit the lowest 5 strings.
  • These are ‘open strings,’ as indicated by the little ‘o’ on top of the G and high E strings.
  • C – E – G are the notes of the C major chord (first, third and fifth notes of the C major beginner guitar chords scale).

A Major Chord

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
  • The A major chord is played on the second fret with your first (index) finger on the 4th string (D-string).
  • Your second (middle) finger on the second fret of the third string (G-string).
  • Finally, place your third finger (ring finger) on the second fret of the second string (B-string).
  • Because the 6th string is muted (see X above 6th string), the strumming hand should only hit the lowest 5 strings.
  • These are ‘open strings,’ as indicated by the little ‘o’ on top of the A and high E-strings.
  • A – C# – D are the notes of the A major chord (first, third and fifth notes of the A major scale).

G Major Chord

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
  • The G major chord is formed by placing your first (index) finger on the second fret of the 5th string (A-string).
  • The 6th string (low E-string) on the third fret with your second finger (middle finger).
  • Your third finger (ring finger) on the third fret of the 6th string (high e-string).
  • The ‘o’ on top of the D, G, and B strings indicates that they are ‘open strings.’
  • With your strumming hand, you can strum all of the strings. There are no muffled strings.
  • G – B – D are the notes of the G major chord (first, third and fifth notes of the G major scale).

E Major Chord

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
  • The E major chord is formed by placing your first (index) finger on the first fret of the third string (G-string).
  • Your second (middle) finger on the second fret of the 5th string (A-string).
  • Your third finger (ring finger) on the third fret of the 4th string (D-string).
  • The ‘o’ on top of the Low E, B, and High E strings denotes that they are ‘open strings.’
  • With your strumming hand, you can strum all of the strings. There are no muffled strings.
  • E – G# – B are the notes of the E major chord (first, third and fifth notes of the E major scale).

D Major Chord

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
  • The D major chord is formed by placing your first (index) finger on the second fret of the third string (G-string).
  • Your second (middle) finger on the second fret of the first string (high e-string).
  • Finally, place your third finger (ring finger) on the third fret of the second string (B-string).
  • Because the 5th and 6th strings are muted (see X’s), the strumming hand should only hit the lower four strings.
  • The ‘o’ on top of the D-string indicates that it is a ‘open string.’
  • D – F# – A are the notes of the D major chord (first, third and fifth notes of the D major scale).

E minor Chord

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
  • The Em (E minor) chord is formed by placing your second (middle) finger on the second fret of the 5th string (A-string).
  • And your third finger (ring finger) on the second fret of the 4th string (D-string).
  • The ‘o’ on top of the Low E, G, B, and high e-strings indicates that they are ‘open strings.’
  • With your strumming hand, you can strum all of the strings. There are no muffled strings.
  • E – G – B are the notes of the E minor chord (first, flattened third and fifth notes of the E major scale).

A minor Chord

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
  • The Am (A minor) chord is formed by placing your first (index) finger on the first fret of the second string (B-string).
  • Your second (middle) finger on the second fret of the 4th string (D-string).
  • Your third finger (ring finger) on the second fret of the third string (G-string).
  • These are ‘open strings,’ as indicated by the little ‘o’ on top of the A and high e-strings.
  • Because the 6th string is muted (see X above 6th string), the strumming hand should only hit the lowest 5 strings.
  • A – C – E are the notes of the A minor chord (first, flattened third and fifth notes of the A major scale).

D minor Chord

Open Beginner Guitar Chords
  • The Dm (D minor) chord is formed by placing your first (index) finger on the first fret of the first string (high e-string).
  • The second fret of the 3rd string (G-string) with your second finger (middle finger).
  • Your third finger (ring finger) on the third fret of the second string (B-string).
  • The ‘o’ on top of the D-string indicates that it is a ‘open string.’
  • Only hit the lowest 4 strings with the strumming hand, as the 5th and 6th strings are muted (see X above 6th string).
  • D – F – A are the notes of the D minor chord (first, flattened third and fifth notes of the D major scale).

The easiest approach to learn these beginner guitar chords is to use them in songs that will make you excited. Start with three chord songs and progress to four chord songs as you gain confidence in your ability to play and transition between beginner guitar chords.

Beginner Guitar Chords Tips

When practising beginner guitar chords, keep the following in mind:

  1. Use the tips of your fingers to press down on the strings.
  2. Bend all three knuckles at the same time.
  3. Make sure the strings are firmly gripped.
  4. Make sure your fingers are as close as possible to the fret.
  5. If you push a string, make sure your finger doesn’t touch the string below it, muting it.
  6. Instead of resting your thumb on top of the guitar neck, place it on the back of it.
  7. Examine each string to ensure that all of the notes are crisp and clear.
  8. Learn how to change chords.
  9. Begin practising songs with three chords (G, C, and D). and four-chord songs later on.
  10. Every day, practise your chords.

Have a great day!

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